The Coal India Limited (CIL) has acquired a total of 3,897.07 acres of tribal land for coal excavation since 2014-15 till February this year, Centre informed the parliament.
In a written response to a question in the Lok Sabha on Wednesday, Coal Minister Piyush Goyal said CIL and its subsidiaries acquired 691.367 acres of land in 2014-15, 990.295 acres in 2015-16, 1331.821 acres in 2016-17, and 883.587 acres in 2017-18 (till February).
Among the companies, South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL) acquired 2008.34 acres, followed by 779.89 acres by Western Coalfields Limited (WCL), 718 acres by Central Coalfields Limited (CCL), 225.52 acres by ECL, 163.67 acres by Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL) and 1.65 acres by Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL).
“Except for MCL, R&R activities including tribal families are conducted in all the other subsidiaries of CIL under CIL’s R&R Policy 2012, subject to modifications by Subsidiary Boards and suiting to local conditions. MCL follows R&R Policy of Govt. of Odisha,” Mr Goyal added.
The Minister further said that additional benefits admissible to Scheduled Tribes as per R&R policy of CIL 2012 are as under:
- The Tribal people are given one-time financial assistance of 500 days MAW for loss of customary right or usage of forest produce while other project affected families are given subsistence allowance at the rate of 25 days MAW per month for one year.
- The tribal communities are shifted as a unit and are provided facilities to meet the specific needs of the tribal communities that will allow them to maintain their unique cultural identity.
- Tribal affected families resettled out of the district are given 25% higher rehabilitation and resettlement benefit.
- Employment is also provided to the people whose land are acquired in 2:1 ratio i.e. 1 employment against 2 acres of land
Three companies CCL, SECL and MCL provided actual rehabilitation package to 2,998 tribal families during the period.
Further, the companies have provided employment to 2,517 tribals as per the information.